International language standard – The CEFR

The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) is an international standard for describing language ability.

Watch the video to find out more about the international language standard – The CEFR.

There are six levels (A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2) on the CEFR, with A1 as the lowest level. Write & Improve offers free writing practice covering all levels including beginner (A1, A2), intermediate (B1, B2) and advanced (C1, C2).

What can learners do at each level?


Can write clear, smoothly flowing, complex texts in an appropriate and effective style. Can use a logical structure which helps the reader find the main points.


Can write clear, well-structured, detailed texts on complex subjects, showing the important issues, giving examples and writing a conclusion if appropriate. Can use the correct style of writing relevant to the target reader.


Can write clear, detailed texts on different subjects. Can use information and arguments from other sources in their writing.


Can write straightforward texts about familiar topics or simple information and ideas. Can link sentences into a connected text.


Can write a series of simple phrases and sentences, linked with words like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’.


Can write personal information (e.g. likes and dislikes, family, pets) using simple words, phrases and sentences.

Pre- A1

Can write basic personal information (e.g. name, address, nationality), perhaps with the use of a dictionary.